Wheels

In the past decade, KCI has been involved in the design and engineering of over 15 Observation Wheels. In terms of design and engineering, KCI can call itself a pioneer and global market leader. KCI’s track record in these large and prestigious Observation Wheels remains unparalleled in the world. Two of the largest wheels in the world, which are currently under construction, have been designed and engineered by KCI.

For many wheels all around the world, KCI has created the Concept Design. Often in a subsequent phase, KCI was tasked to carry out the Basic and Detailed Design. For the wheels that have been actually built, KCI has provided fabrication support and installation management assistance on several occasions. At KCI we are very flexible and can set up on-site offices very quickly to provide our clients with the best support during project execution.

Specialties

Own generic observation wheel design – own spokeless wheel design - innovative bearing design - ingenious cable designs- drive & control systems - fatigue studies - analyses of wind load - feasibility studies - seismic analysis -- fabrication specifications - welding specifications - advice for non-destructive testing - painting/corrosion protection specifications – temperature analyses – specification for castings

Dubai Land Wheel

In 2006 KCI was approached for the Dubai Land Wheel. Both Concept and Detailed design were awarded to KCI. The size of the wheel is 180m with a proposed 36 capsules.

KCI also rendered consultancy towards the architect which was responsible for the terminal building.

In this project KCI was specifically responsible for the Support structure, Safety studies & evacuation plan, Specifications drive & control systems, Seismic calculations and Installation method.

Phase of Development
Concept design, Basic Design

Year of Project
2006

Location
ONSHORE

Bejing Great Wheel

For the Bejing Great Wheel, KCI performed the concept design review as part owner’s engineering.

The size of the wheel is 208m in diametre with a proposed 36 capsules.

KCI rendered assistance towards the applicable norms & standards. A gap analyses was carried out to detect differences in European and Chinese standards whereby the focus was on safety aspects. Furthermore KCI gave advice regarding the type of spoke cables and HSE advice in general

Phase of Development
Design review

Year of Project
2006

Location
ONSHORE

Great Berlin Wheel

In 2008 KCI was awarded the steel structure design for the Great Berlin Wheel. KCI was involved in the basic and detailed design phase of the wheel.

The initial design had a diameter of 180m and a rim width of 9m. The wheel is provided with 36 capsules that have a length of 12m and a diameter of 5 m. Furthermore, the stability and safety is guaranteed with 72 spoke cables that connect the wheel to the A-frame. In a second phase, when the wish for cost reduction was expressed by the client, the design was reduced to 165m with reduced steel weight.

KCI was involved in the Double A frame substructure and cables. As a result of KCI's study on ice loading the member sizing had to be increased as ice loading creates higher wind load and weight. KCI also carries out an Installation Engineering Study. It was important to adapt the design in such a way to make transport of all items possible by truck.

Phase of Development
Basic and Detailed design

Year of Project
2008 - 2009

Location
ONSHORE

Las Vegas High Roller

KCI was approached by two Las Vegas casinos who both wanted to build an Observation Wheel.

The winning design measured 175m and contains 37 capsules. KCI was specifically responsible for the structural design of the drive & restraint system and the design of the recovery system for the drive system.

Phase of Development
Concept Design

Year of Project
2006

Location
ONSHORE
 


 

Great Venice Wheel

KCI carried out a Feasibility Study and Concept Design for the Great Venice Wheel which measures 150m with 32 capsules.

Special about this design is the single pole support structure.

Phase of Development
Concept Design

Year of Project
2006

Location
ONSHORE
 

Great Taiwan Wheel

It was a very interesting challenge to design a wheel to be located on top of a building! KCI performed amongst others the feasibility study for this special location, load calculations, wind analyses and a seismic analysis.

Phase of Development
Concept Design

Year of Project
2006

Location
ONSHORE


 

Great Orlando Wheel

For a theme park in Orlando KCI was approached to carry out the Concept and Detailed Design for a 120m Observation Wheel with 24 capsules.

KCI was specifically responsible for the design of the support structure, the safety studies and evacuation plan, the specifications for the drive & control system and the installation method. 

Phase of Development
Concept and Basic Design

Year of Project
2007

Location
ONSHORE
 

 


 

Melbourne Star

KCI carried out the Design Review of the Melbourne Star which measured 120m and containes 21 capsules. In this independent Technical Review  project risks were investigated in terms of structural design, dynamic behaviour, fatigue and safety.

KCI gave negative feedback advice to commence building the wheel in its original design form as the fatigue analyses were incomplete.

KCI's advice was however ignored and construction started. Later in the project cracks appeared and the wheel had to be torn down and rebuilt again.

Phase of Development
Design Review

Year of Project
2008

Location
ONSHORE
 

Singapore flyer

KCI was approached to carry out an independent Technical Review on the cabling of the Observation Wheel.

The wheel which is located at the Marina promenade is measuring 165m and contains 28 capsules.

Phase of Development
Design Review

Year of Project
2008

Location
ONSHORE
 

New York Wheel

In 2006, KCI made the first concept design for the New York Wheel. The initial design had the image of an apple in the rim structure of the wheel referring to New York as the Big Apple.

In 2013, the project continued again and KCI was asked to do the full concept design of all member sizes viz. the size and fitness of all elements, associated steel weight, full design of drive and restraint system, emergency & evacuation procedures and HSE in general.

Phase of Development
Concept Design

Year of Project
2006 and 2013-2015

Location
ONSHORE
 

Quindao Wheel

The Quindao Wheel was intended for the Olympics in 2008. KCI performed both Concept and Basic Design for this 135m wheel with 36 capsules.

The Quindao wheel was intended to be built at the beach boulevard on top of a terminal building.

KCI designed several concepts for the support structure, made the specifications for the drive & control system, carried out safety studies, set up the emergency & evacuation plan, carried out fatigue analyses and invented the installation method.

Phase of Development
Concept and Basic Design

Year of Project
2006

Location
ONSHORE
 

Observation Wheel Middle East

Since 2013 KCI has been working with a large team of engineers on what is going to be one of world's biggest Observation Wheels.

In this project KCI has been specifically responsible for the Structural & Mechanical Design, Environmental impact analysis: wind, seismic, thermal, Installation & Erection engineering, Site Engineering & Support,
Cleaning & Maintainability Design, Evacuation Strategy & Design, Interface & Design management, Technical Review & Consultancy

Phase of Development
Concept, Basic & Detailed Design, Installation Engineering

Year of Project
2013-2016

Location
ONSHORE

Wind Sword

For the city of Hoofddorp, KCI designed a Wind Sword. A little different than an Observation Wheel but certainly a landmark!

The Wind Sword is 33m high and is illuminated at night like a Star Wars sign, symbolising the battle which was fought in this location between the Dutch and the Spanish in 1573 when this area was still a sea. The Wind Sword will move in the wind and will indicate both wind speed and direction.

The technical challenges of this unique object were to predict the dynamic response of the sword in wind gusts and tune this behaviour to the ideas of the architect, while keeping the design as simple as possible and maintenance friendly.

Phase of Development
Concept and Detailed Design

Year of Project
2014 - 2015

Location
ONSHORE
 

Observation Tower

From the city of Venice, KCI received the assignment to design an Observation Tower without polluting the skyline.

KCI came up with an Observation Tower of which the hydraulic system enables the tower to sink into the ground.

Phase of Development
Concept Design

Year of Project
2008

Location
ONSHORE
 



Marc Groenendijk
Manager Wheels / Managing Director

Tel.: +31 (0)10 427 0399
Email: wheels@kci.nl