Engineering Disciplines

Process

Electrical, Instrumentation & Controls

Piping

Process

KCI performs process modelling in various stages of the project for design, development, analysis and optimisation of different technologies to find the best possible solutions that are fit for purpose. Process modelling is the backbone of all design, sizing and specifications of process facilities, for grassroots projects systems or re-vamp and debottlenecking of existing facilities.

Electrical, Instrumentation & Controls

Our Electrical, Instrumentation & Controls (E,I&C) department, contributes to many often multidisciplinary projects. This results in a constant stream of deliverables, ranging from power system designs to instrument datasheets as well as safeguarding & control narratives.

Piping

3D Modelling and Stress analyses form two important competences within KCI’s Piping department

Mechanical Equipment


The Mechanical Equipment team provides a vast variety of services for static & rotating equipment as well as packages in project oriented and company knowledge schemes.

Our involvement in projects starts at a very early stage and goes from concept up to fabrication control and expediting. We support other disciplines during detailed engineering phases in order to prepare necessary information for purchasing. Our knowledge and experience in design is based on European and international codes, standards and engineering practices and allows us to best serve our clients project needs.

Structural

KCI’s Structural department is renowned for topside & substructure design as well as installation engineering.

The Structural department also excels in the complete design of equipment such as pile guiding tools, pile grippers, complete stingers for pipelay vessels and chutes & carousels for cable lay vessels.

Subsea

Over the years, KCI's Subsea department has gained a wealth of in-depth expertise and experience in the field of subsea infrastructure projects. With respect to the development of offshore oil- and gas fields and subsea infrastructure viability assessment, we investigate existing subsea pipelines and cables, shipwrecks, maritime installations, wind farm developments, fishing activities and shipping lanes.

Hydrodynamics

The goal of KCI’s hydrodynamics department is to increase workability and to define a safe procedure for offshore operation that allows our clients to be more efficient and confident during all offshore activities.

Mechanical Equipment

Structural

Subsea

Hydrodynamics

Process

Process Modelling
Our process modelling group uses state-of-the-art commercial software as well as in-house tools to perform heat and material balance analysis that enables us to make the best choice of design. In KCI we have developed the knowledge and experience of both steady state and dynamic simulations for a variety of production and treatment facilities e.g. oil & gas production and separation, NGL fractionation, compression systems, refrigeration systems, gas dehydration and sweetening facilities.


Option Screening, Ranking and Selection
As part of our in depth analysis for developing optimum solutions, we investigate various technologies and methods of all aspects from production options to facility options and technologies to export options. Our option assessment procedure consists of both qualitative and quantitative assessments which are performed fully independently. Each individual assessment evaluates pros and cons of every solution and suggests the optimum strategy.


The qualitative method evaluates every option based on multi-choice criteria such as technical feasibility, costs, risks and planning. It uses a relative score ranking system with various weights for each criterion. The quantitative assessment applied decision tree analysis based on costs, benefits and probabilities of each decision point. This method allows various steps and consequential decisions to be evaluated to define the optimum strategy. It also provides the opportunity to perform various sensitivity analyses.


Flow Assurance
We use flow assurance studies as one of the tools to ensure integrity and feasibility of a selected solution and to minimize project costs while maximizing productivity from an oil or gas site. In addition to determining the operating conditions and regimes i.e. pipeline size, pressure and temperature profile across a pipeline, our detailed dynamic analysis defines the slug handling requirements, pigging requirement and frequency, pressurisation and depressurisation operations.
We develop our steady state model for normal operating scenarios as well as dynamic model for several transient well operations such as Start-up, Ramp-up and Shutdown. The optimum hydrate mitigation strategy is developed within the scope of this study to ensure that productivity is maximized and downtime, due to e.g. hydrate formation and/or blockage, is minimized or eliminated.
Executing these types of studies have enabled us to perform a more accurate sizing of the reception facilities at the outlet of the pipeline, as well as determining the optimum cost (CAPEX and OPEX) of the development, which has been highly valued by our clients.

Electrical, Instrumentation & Controls

Our Electrical, Instrumentation & Controls (E,I&C) department, contributes to many often multidisciplinary projects. This results in a constant stream of deliverables, ranging from power system designs to instrument datasheets as well as safeguarding & control narratives.

 

Often challenged by severe practical restrictions, there is a constant pressure to find the best solution for the client.

 

Activities Electrical

  • Electrical system design philosophy report
  • Hazardous area classification layout
  • Electrical load list
  • Key one line diagram
  • Electrical cable specification
  • System calculations (load, short circuit)
  • LV typical motor schematic diagrams
  • Main cable tray routing
  • Electrical switchboard room equipment arrangement
  • Grounding philosophy
  • Single line diagrams LV switchboards, panels
  • Block diagrams, wiring connection diagrams
  • Cable list, cable sizing
  • Specifications / datasheets LV switchboards, panels, UPS, DC-systems, etc.
  • Detailed cable tray routing
  • Material take off (MTO)
  • Lighting calculations
  • Electrical Plot plans / layouts (power, lighting, earthing, cable transits)

 

Activities Instrumentation & Control

  • Basic design report
  • Instrument index
  • Participate in HAZID/HAZOP/safety studies
  • Specifications / datasheets instrumentation, fire detection system, communication systems, etc.
  • Block diagrams, wiring connection diagrams, loop diagrams
  • Instrument location Plot plans / layouts (location instruments, detectors)
  • I/O list
  • Material take off (MTO)
  • Cause & effect diagrams

Piping

3D Modelling
3D Modelling of process facilities and structures is a key element in KCI’s engineering package. It allows the integration of all relevant engineering discipline designs into one single 3D model, allowing control to be maintained during the design chain and adhering to regulatory, industry, company or project specific standards, more easily with less manpower effort and with increased design efficiency.


With 3D modelling we ensure:

  • Clash-free design
  • Highly safe design both during operation and maintenance
  • To provide safe and easy access to plant and/or components
  • Design considerations to achieve a low level of maintenance
  • Automatic generation of drawings and diagrams


Stress Analysis
Piping stress analysis is performed to verify the integrity and flexibility of the piping system. Our stress analysis, takes in to account various loads such as sustained, operational & occasional loads etc. Using Software such as Caeser II, Auto pipe & FEMAP KCI stress we identify type and loads at supporting points so that simple and economical pipe supports can be designed & constructed; and piping materials and section properties commensurate with the intended service, temperatures, pressures, and anticipated loadings are chosen.
Since the layout of the piping systems are performed, keeping in mind the requirements of piping stress and pipe supports, stress analysis plays an important role in economics, safety and integrity of the design.

Mechanical Equipment

The core areas of our Mechanical equipment are:

- Pressure Vessels

- Heat and Mass Transfer Equipment

- Rotary Equipment

 

Additional to this, the following studies are being fulfilled by the mechanical equipment discipline;

 

- Material Study & Selection

Material selection and corrosion control studies result in detailed estimation of construction materials, by affecting the weights, capital cost of process equipment, piping, and pipelines used in on- and offshore facilities. The results of these studies are also used in corrosion management and corrosion inhibition strategies. We define the best solutions based on an optimum balance between CAPEX and OPEX during a specified design life.

 

- Mechanical Handling Study

A material handling study is a joint effort between our engineers and clients by forming a team to review and propose solutions. Material handling studies are originated in the Mechanical Equipment department and contain input from other engineering disciplines i.e. process, piping, E&IC as well as HSE. The results of these studies are tailor made to the project maintenance and operation requirements, client strategy (renting or purchasing machines) etc. Multiple choices and combinations are investigated to select the optimized scenario considering cost, reliability, and availability criteria.

Structural

Topside & Substructure Design
KCI can offer experienced structural engineering services for topside and substructure designs for both the Oil & Gas and Renewables markets.
Building on years of experience, we ensure economic and innovative designs based on project and client requirements. We have designed offshore structures ranging from small 60mton subsea wellhead protection frames, to 400mton minimum facilities units up to full size production/processing platforms and substations of over 6000mton.


KCI’s capabilities and experience include the following substructure designs: monopiles, tripods, 3, 4 and 6 legged jackets, self-installing platforms with suction can foundations for production/processing platforms and foundations for transformer platforms and turbines.

Installation Engineering
Installation engineering in its broadest sense, is a service that KCI can offer for all kinds of projects.

It may not only comprise of setting up procedures and method statements for lifting, transportation, decommissioning and pipe/cable lay activities including site or offshore assistance of a KCI field engineer, it may also involve the complete design of installation provisions and installation equipment.

Sea-fastening, grillages and spreader frames as well as temporary provisions lie within KCI's capabilities and experience.

Subsea

Subsea Infrastructure Design and Assessment

During different engineering phases, such as for feasibility studies, concept engineering and up to detailed engineering, we deploy our expertise and experience to assess every aspect of subsea infrastructure and assets. We thus assure that our clients’ developments will benefit from the most optimum subsea layouts.
In the design of subsea assets, we apply the latest design codes and standards and create the solutions that best fit our clients’ selection- and key performance criteria. This can concern materials selection, wall thickness optimization, detailed strength and stress assessments etc. Detailed cost estimates (CAPEX and OPEX) in relation to work schedules can be prepared, which often are a valued contribution to our clients’ field development plans.
KCI has an extensive track record in subsea applications, with a specialisation in applications in the North Sea. Among other activities, KCI has a specialty in:

  • Pipeline design (routing selection and optimization, materials selection, stress checks)
  • Riser design
  • Approach and tie-in arrangement development
  • PLEM, Jumpers and tie-in design
  • Subsea Equipment (HIPPS, Cooling Loops, etc)
  • Subsea processing (Separation, Compression, etc)
  • Subsea Protective Structures
  • Installation Engineering (both shallow and deep waters) and fabrication support
  • Cable Lay Analysis
  • Pipeline risk assessment

Hydrodynamics

Hydrodynamic calculation, which pertains to the force and the motion of fluids, is an essential part of offshore engineering. Using the latest engineering tools and software, we have performed a broad range of engineering services. Examples of our current activities encompass: installation engineering, cable and pipe lay analysis, the design of mooring system for shallow and deep water and a study of floating systems.

 

We have also developed design tools and equipment such as inclined fall-pipe, stinger and pile gripper systems. Our services consist of predicting the hydrodynamic forces and evaluating the effects of the relevant hydrodynamic aspects like slamming and vortex shedding.

Engineering Disciplines

Process img Process

KCI performs process modelling in various stages of the project for design, development, analysis and optimisation of different technologies to find the best possible solutions that are fit for purpose. Process modelling is the backbone of all design, sizing and specifications of process facilities, for grassroots projects systems or re-vamp and debottlenecking of existing facilities.


Process

Process Modelling
Our process modelling group uses state-of-the-art commercial software as well as in-house tools to perform heat and material balance analysis that enables us to make the best choice of design. In KCI we have developed the knowledge and experience of both steady state and dynamic simulations for a variety of production and treatment facilities e.g. oil & gas production and separation, NGL fractionation, compression systems, refrigeration systems, gas dehydration and sweetening facilities.


Option Screening, Ranking and Selection
As part of our in depth analysis for developing optimum solutions, we investigate various technologies and methods of all aspects from production options to facility options and technologies to export options. Our option assessment procedure consists of both qualitative and quantitative assessments which are performed fully independently. Each individual assessment evaluates pros and cons of every solution and suggests the optimum strategy.


The qualitative method evaluates every option based on multi-choice criteria such as technical feasibility, costs, risks and planning. It uses a relative score ranking system with various weights for each criterion. The quantitative assessment applied decision tree analysis based on costs, benefits and probabilities of each decision point. This method allows various steps and consequential decisions to be evaluated to define the optimum strategy. It also provides the opportunity to perform various sensitivity analyses.


Flow Assurance
We use flow assurance studies as one of the tools to ensure integrity and feasibility of a selected solution and to minimize project costs while maximizing productivity from an oil or gas site. In addition to determining the operating conditions and regimes i.e. pipeline size, pressure and temperature profile across a pipeline, our detailed dynamic analysis defines the slug handling requirements, pigging requirement and frequency, pressurisation and depressurisation operations.
We develop our steady state model for normal operating scenarios as well as dynamic model for several transient well operations such as Start-up, Ramp-up and Shutdown. The optimum hydrate mitigation strategy is developed within the scope of this study to ensure that productivity is maximized and downtime, due to e.g. hydrate formation and/or blockage, is minimized or eliminated.
Executing these types of studies have enabled us to perform a more accurate sizing of the reception facilities at the outlet of the pipeline, as well as determining the optimum cost (CAPEX and OPEX) of the development, which has been highly valued by our clients.


Electrical, Instrumentation & Controls img Electrical, Instrumentation & Controls

Our Electrical, Instrumentation & Controls (E,I&C) department, contributes to many often multidisciplinary projects. This results in a constant stream of deliverables, ranging from power system designs to instrument datasheets as well as safeguarding & control narratives.


Electrical, Instrumentation & Controls

Our Electrical, Instrumentation & Controls (E,I&C) department, contributes to many often multidisciplinary projects. This results in a constant stream of deliverables, ranging from power system designs to instrument datasheets as well as safeguarding & control narratives.

 

Often challenged by severe practical restrictions, there is a constant pressure to find the best solution for the client.

 

Activities Electrical

  • Electrical system design philosophy report
  • Hazardous area classification layout
  • Electrical load list
  • Key one line diagram
  • Electrical cable specification
  • System calculations (load, short circuit)
  • LV typical motor schematic diagrams
  • Main cable tray routing
  • Electrical switchboard room equipment arrangement
  • Grounding philosophy
  • Single line diagrams LV switchboards, panels
  • Block diagrams, wiring connection diagrams
  • Cable list, cable sizing
  • Specifications / datasheets LV switchboards, panels, UPS, DC-systems, etc.
  • Detailed cable tray routing
  • Material take off (MTO)
  • Lighting calculations
  • Electrical Plot plans / layouts (power, lighting, earthing, cable transits)

 

Activities Instrumentation & Control

  • Basic design report
  • Instrument index
  • Participate in HAZID/HAZOP/safety studies
  • Specifications / datasheets instrumentation, fire detection system, communication systems, etc.
  • Block diagrams, wiring connection diagrams, loop diagrams
  • Instrument location Plot plans / layouts (location instruments, detectors)
  • I/O list
  • Material take off (MTO)
  • Cause & effect diagrams

Piping img Piping

3D Modelling and Stress analyses form two important competences within KCI’s Piping department


Piping

3D Modelling
3D Modelling of process facilities and structures is a key element in KCI’s engineering package. It allows the integration of all relevant engineering discipline designs into one single 3D model, allowing control to be maintained during the design chain and adhering to regulatory, industry, company or project specific standards, more easily with less manpower effort and with increased design efficiency.


With 3D modelling we ensure:

  • Clash-free design
  • Highly safe design both during operation and maintenance
  • To provide safe and easy access to plant and/or components
  • Design considerations to achieve a low level of maintenance
  • Automatic generation of drawings and diagrams


Stress Analysis
Piping stress analysis is performed to verify the integrity and flexibility of the piping system. Our stress analysis, takes in to account various loads such as sustained, operational & occasional loads etc. Using Software such as Caeser II, Auto pipe & FEMAP KCI stress we identify type and loads at supporting points so that simple and economical pipe supports can be designed & constructed; and piping materials and section properties commensurate with the intended service, temperatures, pressures, and anticipated loadings are chosen.
Since the layout of the piping systems are performed, keeping in mind the requirements of piping stress and pipe supports, stress analysis plays an important role in economics, safety and integrity of the design.


Mechanical Equipment img Mechanical Equipment


The Mechanical Equipment team provides a vast variety of services for static & rotating equipment as well as packages in project oriented and company knowledge schemes.

Our involvement in projects starts at a very early stage and goes from concept up to fabrication control and expediting. We support other disciplines during detailed engineering phases in order to prepare necessary information for purchasing. Our knowledge and experience in design is based on European and international codes, standards and engineering practices and allows us to best serve our clients project needs.


Mechanical Equipment

The core areas of our Mechanical equipment are:

- Pressure Vessels

- Heat and Mass Transfer Equipment

- Rotary Equipment

 

Additional to this, the following studies are being fulfilled by the mechanical equipment discipline;

 

- Material Study & Selection

Material selection and corrosion control studies result in detailed estimation of construction materials, by affecting the weights, capital cost of process equipment, piping, and pipelines used in on- and offshore facilities. The results of these studies are also used in corrosion management and corrosion inhibition strategies. We define the best solutions based on an optimum balance between CAPEX and OPEX during a specified design life.

 

- Mechanical Handling Study

A material handling study is a joint effort between our engineers and clients by forming a team to review and propose solutions. Material handling studies are originated in the Mechanical Equipment department and contain input from other engineering disciplines i.e. process, piping, E&IC as well as HSE. The results of these studies are tailor made to the project maintenance and operation requirements, client strategy (renting or purchasing machines) etc. Multiple choices and combinations are investigated to select the optimized scenario considering cost, reliability, and availability criteria.


Structural img Structural

KCI’s Structural department is renowned for topside & substructure design as well as installation engineering.

The Structural department also excels in the complete design of equipment such as pile guiding tools, pile grippers, complete stingers for pipelay vessels and chutes & carousels for cable lay vessels.


Structural

Topside & Substructure Design
KCI can offer experienced structural engineering services for topside and substructure designs for both the Oil & Gas and Renewables markets.
Building on years of experience, we ensure economic and innovative designs based on project and client requirements. We have designed offshore structures ranging from small 60mton subsea wellhead protection frames, to 400mton minimum facilities units up to full size production/processing platforms and substations of over 6000mton.


KCI’s capabilities and experience include the following substructure designs: monopiles, tripods, 3, 4 and 6 legged jackets, self-installing platforms with suction can foundations for production/processing platforms and foundations for transformer platforms and turbines.

Installation Engineering
Installation engineering in its broadest sense, is a service that KCI can offer for all kinds of projects.

It may not only comprise of setting up procedures and method statements for lifting, transportation, decommissioning and pipe/cable lay activities including site or offshore assistance of a KCI field engineer, it may also involve the complete design of installation provisions and installation equipment.

Sea-fastening, grillages and spreader frames as well as temporary provisions lie within KCI's capabilities and experience.


Subsea img Subsea

Over the years, KCI's Subsea department has gained a wealth of in-depth expertise and experience in the field of subsea infrastructure projects. With respect to the development of offshore oil- and gas fields and subsea infrastructure viability assessment, we investigate existing subsea pipelines and cables, shipwrecks, maritime installations, wind farm developments, fishing activities and shipping lanes.


Subsea

Subsea Infrastructure Design and Assessment

During different engineering phases, such as for feasibility studies, concept engineering and up to detailed engineering, we deploy our expertise and experience to assess every aspect of subsea infrastructure and assets. We thus assure that our clients’ developments will benefit from the most optimum subsea layouts.
In the design of subsea assets, we apply the latest design codes and standards and create the solutions that best fit our clients’ selection- and key performance criteria. This can concern materials selection, wall thickness optimization, detailed strength and stress assessments etc. Detailed cost estimates (CAPEX and OPEX) in relation to work schedules can be prepared, which often are a valued contribution to our clients’ field development plans.
KCI has an extensive track record in subsea applications, with a specialisation in applications in the North Sea. Among other activities, KCI has a specialty in:

  • Pipeline design (routing selection and optimization, materials selection, stress checks)
  • Riser design
  • Approach and tie-in arrangement development
  • PLEM, Jumpers and tie-in design
  • Subsea Equipment (HIPPS, Cooling Loops, etc)
  • Subsea processing (Separation, Compression, etc)
  • Subsea Protective Structures
  • Installation Engineering (both shallow and deep waters) and fabrication support
  • Cable Lay Analysis
  • Pipeline risk assessment

Hydrodynamics img Hydrodynamics

The goal of KCI’s hydrodynamics department is to increase workability and to define a safe procedure for offshore operation that allows our clients to be more efficient and confident during all offshore activities.


Hydrodynamics

Hydrodynamic calculation, which pertains to the force and the motion of fluids, is an essential part of offshore engineering. Using the latest engineering tools and software, we have performed a broad range of engineering services. Examples of our current activities encompass: installation engineering, cable and pipe lay analysis, the design of mooring system for shallow and deep water and a study of floating systems.

 

We have also developed design tools and equipment such as inclined fall-pipe, stinger and pile gripper systems. Our services consist of predicting the hydrodynamic forces and evaluating the effects of the relevant hydrodynamic aspects like slamming and vortex shedding.